The Fiat Panda, is a front- and all-wheel-drive, five-passenger city car manufactured and marketed by Fiat, now in its third generation.
The first generation Panda, introduced in 1980, was a two-box, three-door hatchback designed by Giorgetto Giugiaro and Aldo Mantovani of Italdesign and was manufactured through model year 2003 — receiving an all-wheel drive variant in 1983 and facelifts in 1986 and 1991. SEAT of Spain marketed a variation of the first generation Panda under license to Fiat, initially as the Panda and subsequently as the Marbella (1986–1998).
The second generation, launched in 2003 as a 5-door hatchback, was designed by Giuliano Biasio of Bertone, and won the European Car of the Year in 2004.
The third generation Panda debuted at Frankfurt Motor Show in September 2011, was designed at Fiat Centro Stilo under the direction of Roberto Giolito and remains in production in Italy at Pomigliano d’Arco.
In 37 years Panda production has reached over 7.5 million, of those, approximately 4.5 million were the first generation.
During its initial design phase, Italdesign referred to the car as il Zero. Fiat later proposed the name Rustica. Ultimately, the Panda was named after Empanda, Roman goddess and patroness of travelers.